Horizontal Divide: "per-fess"
Vertical Divide: "per-pale"
Diagonal Divide (top left to bottom right): "per bend"
Diagonal Divide (top right to bottom left); "per bend
Equal Divide (divided in 4 parts) "quartered".
Other divides were called indented or raguly.
Charges include symbols of color, animals, people, monsters,
divine beings or natural and manmade objects.
For instance a lion standing on one hind leg with the front
paws raised is called "rampant".
An eagle looking over it's right shoulder with talons and
wings extended is called "displayed".
The metals give rise to the color. Gold (or yellow) represents
generosity, valor or perseverance.
Silver (or white) denotes serenity and nobility.
Red represents fortitude and creative power.
Green denotes hope, vitality and plenty.
Black means repentance or vengeance.
Blue & Purple denote loyalty and splendor.